Henry David Thoreau resisted tax payment as he was morally objected to the Mexican-American War. Many other Christians, anarchists, and peacemakers have similarly resisted taxes over the centuries, many of them influenced by Thoreau's writings.
Of course resisting taxes is illegal (Thoreau spent a night in prison until a family member paid taxes on his behalf, against his wishes) and anyone who chooses such a path is liable to certain consequences. As a Christ-follower, I am tempted to ignore such consequences and heed only my allegiance to God and His Kingdom - one of peace, hope, love, and reconciliation. I've thus been reticent to acknowlegde a federal budget which commits nearly 50% of its income to military spending.
Yet I've been repeatedly confronted by Jesus' own response to taxes - those levied by a government even more brutal than ours - "Render unto Caesar that which is Caesar's."
So in the end, I decided to jump through the hoops and determine how to handle the end result. Turns out that I was due a tax refund this year, for reasons I have yet to understand. I'm simply thankful.
Still, I will one day owe taxes to this brutal, violent, warmongering government and I'll undoubtedly wrestle with the question once again. I don't know what I will do when that time comes, but a Christian writer, teacher, and thinker that I greatly admire - Shane Claiborne - has provided an exellent model. I look forward to having the financial means to implement it some day, continuing to build the world we dream of.